Different groups of the Women’s Movement of Nicaragua address the authorities and the public to express our concern at the plight of femicide and sexual violence experienced by women in Nicaragua.
The Observatory of the Red de Mujeres contra la Violencia [Women Against Violence’s Network], recorded a total of thirty women killed in the first quarter of 2014, of whom five had previously had mediation. This is alarming and should put on alert all institutions of the State of Nicaragua, as we experience violence against women constantly, and it becomes particularly acute in times of emergency, since disaster prevention measures pay no specific attention to women in these circumstances.
The statistics have names of Nicaraguan women and will remain written in this and many other documents of demand, to create awareness among representatives, responsible for carrying forward laws and policies to reverse this situation of feminist alert.
Only to plot the map of femicide in Nicaragua, we remind you of the deaths of:
|No||Name and surnames||Age||Region|
|1||Fanny Adelí Altamirano Flores||26||El Jicaral, León|
|2||María Julissa Valverde||20||Nueva Guinea, RAAS|
|3||Esperanza Reyes Vásquez||80||Comarca de Banasuna, Municipio de Rosita, RAAN|
|4||María Jeannette||16||San José de Bocay, Jinotega|
|5||Aracelly||17||San José de Bocay, Jinotega|
|6||Elsyn Jenelly Bermúdez Salgado||20||Jalapa, Nueva Segovia|
|7||Alba Luz García Blandón||18||Matagalpa|
|8||Mariela de los Ángeles López Hondoy||28||Masaya|
|9||Gloria Flores Aguilar||21||Managua|
|10||Angela María Ortega Chavarría||97||Barrio San Luis, Managua|
|11||Hermelinda Reyes González||40||Comarca Valle Verde, San Pedro del Lóvago, Chontales|
|12||Rosibel Guerrero Godínez||36||Nueva Guinea, RAAS|
|13||Mileydi Campos Miranda||20||Santa Rosa del Guineo, Nueva Guinea, RAAS|
|14||María Elena Díaz Aráuz||23||Barrio Sabadell, Matagalpa|
|15||Rosibel Pérez Lumus||27||Muy Muy, Matagalpa|
|16||María del Rosario López Lira||18||Las Pilas, Municipio de Villanueva, Chinandega|
|17||Brenda Maxuel More||N/M||Bilwi, RAAN|
|18||Leonza Sonia Gómez Maradiaga||45||Sureste de Siuna, RAAN|
|19||Rosa Argentina Reyes Díaz||43||Cuida Sandino, Managua|
|20||Aryeris Artola Miranda||29||Tipitapa, Managua|
|21||Zenaida García Hernández,||25||Nueva Guinea,RAAS|
|22||Sandy Marbely Hernández Mairena||32||Wiwilí, Jinotega|
|23||Heydi Lucía Reyes Espinoza||33||Masaya|
|24||María Elda Lacayo||40||Comarca El Nisperal, El Castillo, Río San Juan|
|25||Johana Saraí González||36||Tipitapa, Managua|
|26||Silvia Sánchez Manzanares||19||Matagalpa|
|27||Karla José Villagra Garzón||32||Estados Unidos – Managua|
|28||Karen Colcclough||37||Managua – EEUU|
|30||Dominga Amantina Salmerón||67||Chinandega|
We hold the Inter-institutional Committee responsible for these femicides, due to the lack of monitoring of the implementation of the Law 779. There is sufficient evidence to publicly denounce institutional violence; the National Police/ Police Offices for Women and the Prosecutor have committed violence against women in the exercise of public functions, since in most cases they have delayed, hindered and denied the necessary attention, preventing victims from accessing their right to a timely response.
Violence against women is an urgent problem, of public health and safety, and therefore the State Policy of Law 779 must be applied and enforced consistently, providing resources to respond to this serious situation which requires State action.
The State of Nicaragua has been treating the problem in a fragmented and slow way, which contradicts the international law of human rights. The National Police and Police Offices for Women handle a circular which suggests that domestic violence should be managed by the Police station and violence experienced by women living on the streets by Legal Aid, contrary to the Law 779.
If a State , through its policies or agents, allows or commits acts of violence against women, International human rights protection has instruments and mechanisms to demand such abuses to be halted without delay, and to remove decisions that encouraged, permitted or not prevented these.
The legal system has not offered a comprehensive response to the problem of gender violence, and has been made even worse when the reform of the 779 is permissive, considering mediation in cases of violence.
It is worrying that the increase in cases of violence against women, especially femicide and sexual violence, is underreported due to the lack of linked local and national records, which doesn’t allow to have real statistics of injuries and femicide, or by weaknesses in the process of properly registering complaints.
Today, as so many other times, we women continue being mobilised to proceed on the hard road of the construction of citizenship and the effective acquisition of rights. We will keep demanding an effective protection regarding the violation on our body limits, the death, the inferior status; in summary, the denials of rights that make up the current forms of oppression of women and which refute the idea of a freedom and equality already won.
We denounce and make responsible the State, in its obligation as guarantor, for the increased violence caused by the atrocious reform of the Law 779, promoted by the Supreme Court and approved by the National Assembly.
– Compliance with the Law 779 and the State Policy on violence against women, and speak out publicly about what you are doing to prevent femicides and violence against women.
– To convene an emergency meeting with participation of organisations from the Women’s Movement, to analyse the problem and know the actions to be taken to prevent, punish and eradicate this violence, according to the Law and the Convention of Belem Do Para .
– Make available the State Policy of Law 779 and indicate the budget allocated for its implementation in the areas of prevention, education and sanctions.
– A media campaign of Law 799, as established by the law itself. A campaign to prevent violence, leading to adjustments and changes in the education curriculum.
– To publicly report the budget to prevent violence, as part of the National Budget.
– Immediate investigation of the responsibilities of those operators (National Police) who heard reports of violence from the women who have been murdered (femicides), for lack of victim protection and proper handling of reports, and to define the corresponding sanctions.
– That civil servants comply with Law 779, acting swiftly on the justice administration process according to the established principles and standards. Each complaint/allegation shall be thoroughly investigated following ethical principles.
– Not to encourage mediation or pressure women to do so; it is a decision entirely up to the individual.
– Implementation of the State Policy on violence against women
– Adequate attention to allegations of abuse, verbal and psychological violence, etc.
– More and better functioning of advisory services for abused women, requiring the MINSA [Ministry of Health] to assume the corresponding psychosocial care
– Policies towards the media, regardless where they are based.
In the judiciary we require diligence in the police and judicial investigations, free of discriminatory stereotypes. Justice civil servants should take seriously the investigations on violence against women; otherwise a new violation of rights occurs during the processing of causes. The evidence collected should be assessed with a gender perspective and free from prejudices and sexist stereotypes.
We require the necessary diligence in the police and judicial investigations, sentences to be imposed in due time and form; this would help eradicate the current pattern of impunity.
We demand state powers to take action that is coherent with the International Human Rights treaties; we urge you to take seriously the violence that we suffer as women, and to ensure our basic human right to a life free of violence. As a movement, we will continue to advocate for a non- misogynistic Justice.
 Not mentioned